Meadow Farm Museum at Crump Park
This site is a popular place for visitors and includes Crump Park, Meadow Farm Museum, and RF&P Park.
Crump Park features playgrounds, picnic shelters, trails, large open fields, and a fishing pond.
Meadow Farm Museum, an 1860 living history farm site and museum, presents programs and exhibits on the culture of the rural South. Our history interpreters provide insight into the lives of Dr. John Mosby Sheppard, the owner of Meadow Farm, and his family. On selected weekends, they demonstrate seasonal activities in the farmhouse, barn, doctor’s office, kitchen, fields, and pastures.
For your safety and that of the animals, visitors are prohibited from entering the animal pastures.
Grounds are open daily from dawn to dusk.
Meadow Farm Museum
Grounds are open daily from dawn to dusk.
Meadow Farm Museum (farmhouse) is open by appointment only. To schedule an appointment, please call (804) 652-1416 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The orientation center is currently closed for renovations.
View programs held Meadow Farm Museum and Crump Park
Free and no registration required! View other Park Mobile programs.
Fitness Obstacle Course: Tue, Aug 10, 10-11am. The Park Mobile team will set up an obstacle course in the park. Can you meet the challenge? Contact: email@example.com
Sunrise Yoga in the Park: Sat, Aug 14, 8:30-9:30am. Vinyasa Flow Yoga practice is a yoga style that connects your movements with your breath. Bring your own mat/towel for poses and join us for a relaxing free class. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Crump Rocks! Tue, Aug 24, 10am-noon. Stop by Shelter #2 to paint some rocks and then hide them! Contact: email@example.com
History in Focus-Gabriel’s Storm. Sat, Aug 28, 1-4pm. A historically focused tour at Meadow Farm about what Virginia society would/could have looked like had the torrential storm of August 30, 1800 never happened. How would life have been different? Join us for a fresh, historical take on Gabriel’s Rebellion. Information: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Archaeological digs revealed Native American impact on the property along rivers, creeks, and streams. The Native Americans used the areas along the waterways as campsites during seasonal migrations between hunting grounds. European impact began in 1713 when Richard Baker and William Sheppard were granted 400 acres of Henrico property through the headright system. Baker and Sheppard paid passage for eight indentured servants to Virginia, and in return, were granted rights to 50 acres of land per person. William Sheppard would eventually buy his partners shares, thus taking sole ownership of Meadow Farm.
In 1800, two men enslaved by the Sheppard family, Tom and Pharaoh, informed Mosby Sheppard of a planned slave insurrection in Henrico. The plan was organized by Gabriel Bingham, a blacksmith enslaved by Thomas Henry Prosser of nearby Brookfield Plantation. Gabriel’s plan was to organize enslaved and free blacks, poor working whites, and local Native Americans to kidnap Governor James Monroe, overthrow the government in Richmond and demand freedom for all people. Mosby Sheppard was able to get word to Governor Monroe, who would use the local militia to put down the plot. The unsuccessful slave uprising became known as Gabriel’s Rebellion.
From 1800 until 1865 there were anywhere between 8 and 21 enslaved men, women and children who lived at Meadow Farm. These individuals farmed the land, maintained the buildings, all while raising not only their own children, but also serving the needs of the Sheppard family. Mosby Sheppard is credited with the construction of the present farmhouse in 1810, and its subsequent expansion in 1820. As a result of free labor from the enslaved community, Meadow Farm remained a small self-sufficient farm throughout its existence, producing corn, hay, and oats to feed livestock, and raising wheat for market. Mosby’s son Dr. John Mosby Sheppard would expand the production on the farm from 1855 to 1860 after inheriting 15 enslaved individuals from his father-in-law. An additional labor force at no additional cost allowed John’s investment in tobacco which contributed to the expansion of the house in 1858.
Meadow Farm’s ownership would reside last with Dr. John Sheppard’s grandson Major General Sheppard Crump and his wife Elizabeth Adam Crump. Sheppard Crump was a veteran of World War I and Adjutant General of Virginia from 1955 to 1960. Elizabeth Adam Crump was one of the first women in Virginia to receive a driver’s license and to vote in public elections. In 1975, Elizabeth Adam Crump donated Meadow Farm to Henrico County in memory of her late husband. Meadow Farm Museum at Crump Park was then opened to the public in 1981.